Finding your cup of tea
Updated: Dec 10, 2018
What are the different types of tea? Some of the different types of tea are black tea, white tea, green tea, oolong tea, Pu-erh tea and various types of herbal teas. Black tea features more oxidization than white tea, green tea or oolong tea. White tea has only slight oxidization and comes from China's Fujian province, while green tea is made from camellia sinensis, and oolong tea is known as a traditional tea that's made from a method known as withering. Pu-erh tea is a type of post-fermented tea that one can find in China's Yunnan province, and herbal teas are not even real tea as they are mere infusions of plants or herbs.
All true tea comes from the tea plant, Camellia Sinensis, and differences between each tea type comes from variations in the processing of the tea leaves. In addition, there are natural differences within each tea type depending on the part of the plant harvested and the time of year the leaves and buds are harvested. The type of soil and climate the tea plants are grown in also contribute to the natural variation within tea types.
Green Tea is an unfermented tea which is withered and steamed before drying to prevent oxidation/fermentation and retain the leaves' green colour. This preserves the polyphenol content of green tea.
Research has shown evidence that green tea helps in lowering the chances of developing heart disease as well as specific kinds of cancer. It is also one of the most famous drinks to flush the fat away. It is extremely high in antioxidants.
Leaves used to make black tea are fermented longer than any other tea types, contributing to their dark colour and bitter flavour when brewed. It has to be brewed at high temperature to release its flavour. It has a strong flavour and greater caffeine content. And can keep its flavour for several years. Flouride, found in toothpaste, is also an ingredient of black tea and can help to promote oral and bone health. Black tea also contains flavonoids, also found in apples and other antioxidants.